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- 1964 - William Sharpe published his paper on the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM), Capital Asset Prices - A Theory of Market Equilibrium Under Conditions of Risk, on September 1, 1964. Source : Google scholar
- 1993 - John Bogle's first book, Bogle On Mutual Funds: New Perspectives for the Intelligent Investor, was published by McGraw-Hill.
- 1998 - The US Treasury introduced for sale a new inflation-indexed savings bond, the ibond. The first ibond was issued with a fixed rate of 3.40 percent. Source: Rates and Terms
- 1789 - The US Treasury Department was created by the First Congress of the United States. Source: History of the Treasury
- 1974 - The Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) enacted the Individual Retirement Account. Source: Individual retirement accounts
- 1998 - Walter L. Morgan, founder of the first balanced mutual fund in the U.S. died on September 2, 1998. Source: PRNewswire
- 1929 - The Dow Jones Industrial Average closed at 381.17 reaching its peak prior to the October 1929 stock market crash. Source: American Experience: A Selected Wall Street Chronology
- 1988 - Trading in TOPIX (Tokyo Stock Price Index) futures started on the Tokyo Stock Exchange. Source: Tokyo Stock Exchange, Inc.
- 1933 - Mexican Stock Exchange ( Bolsa Mexicana de Valores) was incorporated on September 5, 1933. Source: Mexican Stock Exchange
- 2008 - Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac are placed in conservatorship. Source: Timeline - Federal Housing Finance Agency
- 2008 - The large U.S. mortgage Government Sponsored Enterprises, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, were declared insolvent and placed in conservatorship. Source: The 2008 money market crisis and Statement of FHFA Director James B. Lockhart, September 7, 2008.
- 1873 - The failure of Jay Cooke and Co., financier of Northern Pacific Railroad, sets off a five-year depression. Source:Chronology of Economic, Political and Financial Events in United States of America
- 1916 - The Emergency Revenue Act established the federal estate tax. Source: Revenue Act of 1916
- 1585 - In an assembly Frankfurt’s merchants established uniform exchange rates for the first time, marking the birth of the Frankfurt exchange. Over time, the Frankfurt exchange handled bond and stock trading. Source: History of the Frankfurt Stock Exchange
- 1997 - The Chicago Mercantile Exchange introduced S&P E-mini futures, which soon became the most heavily traded futures contract on the exchange. Source: Key dates and milestones in the S&P 500's history
- 2012 - The Center for Research in Security Prices (CRSP) launched indexes that provide coverage of various style sectors of the US stock market. The indexes include growth and value indexes for U.S. mega cap, large cap, mid cap, and small cap stocks. Source: CRSP Indexes Quick Reference Guide
- 2001 - The Japan real estate investment trust (J-REIT) market was launched when two J-REITs began trading on the Tokyo Exchange. Sources: Tokyo Stock Exchange, Inc.; About J-REITS
- 1960 - The US real estate investment trust (REIT) was created in the REIT act, contained in the Cigar Excise Tax Extension of 1960. Source: Public Law 86-779
- 2008 - Investment bank Lehman Brothers filed for bankruptcy, the largest in U.S. history. The bankruptcy initiated events that produced the 2008 - 2009 global economic crisis. Source: The Lehman Brothers Bankruptcy
- 2008 - Reserve Primary Fund, the first money market fund created in the United States, holding $785 million of defaulted Lehmann Brothers commercial paper, announced that, due to the default, the net asset value of the money fund had broken the 1.00 net asset value mark and was now valued at 0.97. Over the next four days investors withdrew $23 billion and made redemption requests of $60 billion from the $62 billion dollar fund. The disbursement of remaining assets in the fund to shareholders took over two years to complete. Source: The 2008 money market crisis
- 2000 - The Euronext Exchange was created on this date following a merger of the Amsterdam Stock Exchange, Paris Bourse and Brussels Stock Exchange. Source: Euronext
- 1931 - The Bank of England abandoned the Gold Standard. Source: Suspension of the Gold Standard in Great Britain Federal Reserve Bulletin, October 1931.
- 1998 - On September 23, 1998, a group of fourteen banks and brokerage firms invested $3.6 billion in Long-Term Capital Management L.P. (LTCM) to prevent the firm’s imminent collapse. The hedge fund, operating on leveraged capital based on mathematical models designed by Nobel laureate finance economists Myron Scholes and Robert C. Merton, had experienced massive losses after Russia devalued its currency and defaulted on its debt in August 1998. Source:Near Failure of Long-Term Capital Management, Federal Reserve History.
- 1869 - The original "Black Friday" occurred on September 24, 1869 when the gold market collapsed and the stock market fell 20%. Source: The “Black Friday” Gold Scandal, 145 Years Ago
- 1974 - Vanguard was incorporated on September 24, 1974. Source: Lightning Strikes: The Creation of Vanguard, the First Index Mutual Fund, and the Revolution It Spawned
- 2003 - Franco Modigliani, a Nobel Prize laureate economist who developed the life-cycle hypothesis of how people saved, died. Source: Franco Modigliani, 85, Nobel-Winning Economist, Dies, New York Times
- 2008 - A 101-day cash management bill (CMB) security was auctioned for $60 billion. This is the highest amount ever offered for a Treasury security in U.S. history. Source: Timeline of U.S. Treasury Bills